libcanlock
==========
A library for creating and verifying RFC 8315 Netnews Cancel-Locks.
This implementation uses the recommended algorithm from Section 4 with HMAC
based on the same hash function as <scheme>.


1) General
libcanlock is a standalone implementation without external dependencies.
If your program already uses a library that contains functions for hash and
base64 algorithms (e.g. OpenSSL), it is recommended that you use them instead
(to avoid code duplication).


2) System requirements
- POSIX.1-2001 compliant operating system
- C99 compiler with 'int' data type of at least 32 bit width

Note:
A POSIX style operating system is required only for the build system, the test
suite and the header parsers (see "canlock-hp" section below).
The code of the library and canlock utility is intended to be portable C99 (with
the exception that 16 bit platforms are not supported).

For reliable overwriting of secret data in memory, libcanlock needs explicit
memory access. The following functions are currently supported (automatically
detected by configure script, if available):
- memset_s() [available as option in C99 Annex K]
- explicit_memset() [available e.g. since NetBSD 7]
- explicit_bzero() [available e.g. since GNU libc 2.25]
If none of them can be used, memset() is used as fallback. But a "too smart"
compiler may optimize this call to NOP.


3) API
Since version 3 there is a new API available (hash algorithm independent).
Man pages for this API are installed together with the library.

Anything that is not documented should be considered as internal and not
part of the API. There is no portable way to hide all the internal stuff
completely, but expect that a future version may no longer export it without
notice.


4) Backward compatibility
The version 2 legacy API is still present by default, but it is now deprecated
and undocumented.
Including the header file from the new location, recompile and relink should
be sufficient to port an existing application to version 3 of the library.

The version 2 legacy API can be removed from the library with the configure
option "--disable-legacy-api".

Note: It is possible to install both, version 2 and version 3 of the library in
parallel.


5) Versioning scheme
With version 3 the release version scheme has changed.
Now the release version contains 3 numbers "x.y.z":

- Major (x)
  The major number is incremented for every API/ABI change that is not backward
  compatible.
- Minor (y)
  The minor number is incremented for API/ABI extensions that are backward
  compatible.
- Patch (z)
  The patch number is incremented for changes that don't change the API/ABI.

In other words:
Releases with the same major and minor numbers are drop-in replacements.
Up- and downgrades between such versions are possible without touching
programs that use the library.
Releases with the same major, but different minor numbers are backward,
but not forward compatible. Upgrades are possible, downgrades can break
programs that use the library.
Releases with different major numbers require changes in all programs that
use the library.

Note: Compatibility is not guaranteed if different configure options are used!


canlock
=======
Since version 3 the command line utility "canlock" is available as frontend.
The utility and a man page for it are installed together with the library.


canlock-hp
==========
The formerly separate package canlock-hp was merged into version 3.1.0 (see
the README file in the "hp" subdirectory).

canlock-hp can be disabled with the configure option "--disable-hp".


EOF